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Hoffmann Josef

SALON CABINET

Masterpieces Spring 2022
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About the artist Brtnice 1870 – 1956 Vienna
Designed by Josef Hoffmann, Vienna, 1900
Executed by Portois & Fix
Material Solid zerigotti wood and veneer on pine, stylised floral and geometric inlays of cedar wood, panels: Synaigunde xylektypom treated (etched to emphasize the grain effect), surface cleaned and slightly polished, brass fittings, 12 rectangular panels of cut crystal glass, bevelled, excellent original condition
Dimensions H 157 cm, W 201 cm, D 44 cm
Provenance Vienna, private property
Literature Dekorative Kunst VII, 1901, p. 183; Innendekoration, 1901, XII, p.39; cf.: M. Wenzel-Bachmayer, Vienna 2008, Die Firma Portois & Fix, Pariser Esprit und Wiener Moderne, p. 59

Josef Hoffmann designed this cabinet for the Eighth Exhibition of the Vienna Secession in 1900. This piece of furniture is depicted in the magazine "Dekorative Kunst" 1901 with the caption: "Josef Hoffmann, brown salon cabinet of zeregotta wood, cedar wood inlay, synaigunde panels, executed by Portois & Fix".

 

In the context of the Eighth Exhibition of the Vienna Secession in 1900, furniture and decorative art objects by the most prominent representatives of the English Arts and Crafts movement, such as Charles Rennie Mackintosh, his wife Margaret Mcdonald Mackintosh and Charles Ashbee, were shown in the Secession building, designed by Joseph Maria Olbrich as the first significant Jugendstil building in Vienna.

 

The Austrian artists participating in the exhibition were Josef Hoffmann, and Leopold Bauer, who were also the three most important proponents of the new Secessionist movement in the field of architecture and arts and crafts. Their involvement was a very courageous and at the same time unusual step, as applied arts and fine arts had until then almost invariably been strictly separated. This recognition of the artistic work of furniture designers and cabinetmakers who executed the formers’ designs, marked the initial impetus necessary to boost the further development of Viennese Jugendstil. Some of Vienna’s more open-minded bourgeoisie liked this stylistic renewal and commissioned the architects Hoffmann and Bauer to build numerous villas and flats. Koloman Moser, too was commissioned with designing the interior decoration of at least one apartment.

 

Shown at: MAK Vienna, Josef Hoffmann 1870-1956. Progress Through Beauty, December 2021 until June 2022.

Cat. Nr. M22/01


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SALON CABINET ⋅ Masterpieces Spring 2022 ⋅ Hoffmann Josef

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